From the Field

Strategy vs. Urgency in Missions: Let Love Be the Driver

From the Field

Strategy vs. Urgency in Missions: Let Love Be the Driver

By August 26, 2020August 20th, 2021No Comments

What should we be urgent about in missions?

Much of Christian missionary work is centered around urgency. Often there are truly urgent needs: no clean water, failing health systems and epidemics, vulnerable and abused people to be advocated for.

Apart from concrete needs, there is also a profound urgency for spreading the saving news of Jesus’ Kingship to every corner of the world. This is right and good.

However, urgency has been a motivator within missions for so long that in many popular appeals the two have become synonymous: to do missions is to do what is urgent. So, if we want to do missions, we often try to show how the needs are urgent, and therefore important.

But, urgency can be a cruel master, and often has a way of pushing out strategy.

Why We Need Strategy in Missions

“But Africans don’t need advanced degrees – they just need help.”

This phrase has been said to us explicitly more than once (and implied more than that). This is a good example of the way urgency can take over our thinking.

The statement above begins with love. It is often said out of a feeling of sadness at the challenges the African Church and people face (poverty, sickness, not enough pastors, not enough training), and a longing to see things made better.

But, as an immediate reflex, urgency creeps in and keeps that love half-baked. How so?

The reality is that while there are urgent needs on the ground in Africa (more pastors, more theological training, more books), they exist in part as a result of the lack of long-term strategic investment on the part of missionaries until now.

Where are the African theologians with PhDs? Where are the commentaries written in Swahili, or written by Africans?

Providing what is urgently needed often only helps the African Church limp along, instead of investing in their future and strategic long-term needs.

Why can we say this so confidently?

Well, in part, because we have spent time listening to African institutions, leaders, and churches, all of whom have repeatedly emphasized to us that the African Church wants to grow in their own theological depth and ability to produce quality work for their own context.

We also know that we would never accept less than this in the US. We would never want a pastor who went to a sub-par Bible College, whose thinking ability had not been carefully developed, and for whom there are no quality theology books or commentaries.

Why then would we accept that state for the African church?

When urgency is the driver, it stunts our love.

Sadly, the reason we are happy for the African Church to limp along is often that our love is only half-baked: we give our scraps and not our best.

Love no longer drives urgency, urgency drives love.

So long as our mission priorities are driven by urgency, what most touches your heart, or, cynically, what donors will get excited about, we are on a dangerous course to begin using those we are meant to serve.

This can be true in both our fundraising efforts as well as our vision and hope in relationships.

For example, when this kind of thinking is in place it is easy to take the truly heart-wrenching stories among African communities and share them (or people’s pictures) without a second thought about that person’s privacy and dignity.

Or, as an example of the narrowing of our hope, it becomes easy to assume that whatever I can bring as a Westerner missionary must be better than what they have.

It becomes easy to give up on the hopes and desires they have for a better future, and decide for them that meeting the urgent pressing needs are enough.

Strategy can’t be the driver either.

However, it is easy to overestimate the importance of our actions in the kingdom of God. Strategy has long been an excuse to keep us from sacrifice.

A scholarly example of this might be: “I probably couldn’t really serve and really do any good until I’ve really really grown as a scholar and published a lot.” In the name of strategy, this kind of thinking seemingly never finds a time good enough to sacrifice.

The problem here is that the day will never come when we are in a position to judge just how much good we will really do.

What is most impactful is up to the Spirit of the Lord. He is the one who gives life and accomplishes what is most meaningful.

So, all the best strategy is built up in vain if the Lord doesn’t build the house. Odd as it may sound, strategy can’t be the driver either. This may mean that we make investments which we later lose because they are the right thing for our loving long-term strategy.

One such example for us is the investment of a Ph.D. We are investing our time and energy, and have asked our supporters to enable us to acquire a doctoral degree because this enables us to serve the African church in one way that is needed for the long-term health of the African church.

However, every investment is risky.

It may be that once we arrive in Malawi with a Ph.D. in hand, the thing they need most from us is organizational help and other forms of service which do not have anything to do with our research area or specialty. … Actually, that second possibility is pretty likely!

Love drives us to invest strategically and to willingly lose those investments to love the same people. This is why we wrote on taking the long-term view of patient trust in the Lord’s activity.

Investment driven by love doesn’t demand fruitfulness, but prays and waits on the Lord.

This puts us into a place of wanting to carefully ask what the interests and priorities are of those we intend to serve, and yet being willing to lose all our investment if the Lord would have us serve differently.

I think that’s what David means in Psalm 31:15 when he says “My times are in your hand” (much like Jesus on the cross quoting a few verses earlier in Psalm 31:5, “into your hands I commit my spirit.”).

This is the pinch of uncertainty we live with. But this is the right place to feel the pinch, rather than imposing our agenda on our African brothers and sisters.

So, what should be the driver?

Urgency has too long been given a free pass in the way we think about missions. But strategy cannot take pride of place either. This is about the right ordering of our values:

Love takes first place, ordering urgency and strategy according to its own agenda.


This post was originally published on apollosinitiative.org. Daniel and Bethany have given us permission to share.

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Daniel & Bethany Robbins

Daniel & Bethany Robbins

Daniel and Bethany Robbins are starting a new team in Malawi, focused on leadership development through theological education and discipleship. Daniel will be teaching at a Seminary started by the Presbyterian church in Malawi while Bethany homeschools the children and counsels and disciples the hospital staff. Together, they're excited about developing relationships with the seminary students and their families. They love their creative and energetic children, Elijah ('08), Lazarus ('10) and Ruthie ('13), and a handful of foster children whom they miss. Keep up to date with the Robbins and learn more by visiting their website: www.apollosinitiative.org